Part II: Aliteracy Vs. Illiteracy
Last week I summarized Kylene Beers research on the continuum of readers. At the end I asked some questions regarding instruction on each type of reader. Turns out Dr. Beers followed with another article detailing tips and techniques to working with aliterate students.
“We must realize that whatever motivates an avid or dormant reader probably won’t motivate an uncommitted or unmotivated student. Motivating Readers (p. 112) reveals the same activities that encourage readers in fact discourages nonreaders, intimidating them and confirming negative feelings. The activities that uncommitted or unmotivated readers preferred were limited, but specific” (Beers, 1996, p.111).
1. Personal Choice – They want to choose their own books from a limited selection. They were wary of being overwhelmed with a large library.
2. Nonfiction – Many reluctant readers prefer nonfiction over fiction.
3. Illustrations – Pictures and illustrations were very important to these students. Time again they shared that without the pictures they would not know what is going on.
4. Movies – Preferred to see the movie first, then read the book.
5. Read aloud – Having the teacher read aloud an entire book. Avid readers indicated they liked being read aloud to as well, but not for the whole book.
6. Art activities – Students indicated they wanted to draw, act out, make a puppet or do something to make a connection to the printed word.
7. Magazines – Uncommitted and unmotivated students saw themselves as nonreaders, but in fact that wasn’t true. While they did not carry around a typical novel, they did like magazines, how to books, comics, reference books, and informational books.
This list of tips and techniques is reminiscent of the summary of research on boys and literacy I shared a very weeks ago. It points to a need to expand our view of reading beyond a novel, to help students see themselves as readers regarding whatever their personal choice of reading material, to use active reading activities especially ones that develop a visual representation of the text to build readers. It also points to the need for the need for differentiation for avid, dormant, uncommitted, and unmotivated readers.
But to do all that we need to really know our students as readers, not just test scores!
Beers, G. K. (1996). No time, no interest, no way: Three voices of aliteracy part 2. School Library Journal, 42(3) pp. 110-113